The information revolution is a discontinuity in economic historyJames Plunkett
Modern work is in a state of flux as part of the discontinuous change brought on by the information revolution. Perhaps, by considering the factors that shaped the ways we work today we can better understand what its future might look like and whether a dominant design will emerge or whether work will continue changing.
The cultural changes and technological inventions that created our experience of digital work
ChatGPT, the artificial intelligence chatbot, launched
The term “The Great Resignation” is first used by Anthony Klotz, organisational psychologist and professor at Texas A & M University
National lockdowns and enforced working from home force many workplaces to quickly adopt digital technology and remote working practices
3.7 billion people are connected to the Internet
1,000,000,000 websites on the Internet
The population of the Internet reached 2 billion
Union membership in the UK drops below 6 million for the first time since the 1940s
The phrase Fourth Industrial Revolution was introduced by Kagermann, Lukas and Wahlster,
Tina Brown coins the term ‘Gig economy’
First iPhone and the start of the smart phone revolution
The population of the Internet reached 1 billion
The agile manifesto for software development is written
FANUC, a Japanese robotics company, begins operating as a ‘lights-out’ factory where robots build other robots
10,000,000 websites on the Internet
1,000,000 websites on the Internet
Crossing the Chasm: Marketing and Selling High-Tech Products to Mainstream Customers, by Geoffrey Moore is published
The New New Product Development Game by Hirotaka Takeuchi and Ikujiro Nonaka is published in Harvard Business Review
Symbolics Computer Company is the first business to register a commercial dot-com domain name
Motorola created the first mobile phone, the Motorola DynaTac
First portable cell phone
The term “telecommuting” was coined
Equal Pay Act in the U.K.
The term “hacker” originates with MIT pranks
Equal Pay Act in the U.S.
Open plan office layout widely adopted
The term “knowledge worker” was introduced by Peter Drucker in The Landmarks of Tomorrow
Fairchild semiconductor founded
Claude Shannon, a Bell Labs mathematician, is credited for having laid out the foundations of digitalization in his pioneering 1948 article, A Mathematical Theory of Communication
The transistor is invented by William Shockley, John Bardeen and Walter Brattain.
Schumpeter argued that the innovation and technological change of a nation come from the entrepreneurs or wild spirits. He coined the word Unternehmergeist, German for “entrepreneur-spirit”, and asserted that “… the doing of new things or the doing of things that are already being done in a new way” stemmed directly from the efforts of entrepreneurs.
Neil H McElroy, of P&G, invented the concept of a Product Manager
Creative Experience was published by Mary Parker Follett
Stanford university founded
The first computer program is written by Ada Lovelace
English mathematician Charles Babbage conceives of a steam-driven calculating machine that would be able to compute tables of numbers
Manufacturing of interchangeable parts introduced by Eli Whitney
The first factory opened in Cheshire by textile merchant Samuel Greg
An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith is published